Wool sweaters: (cashmere, merino, angora, etc) Do not need to be washed after each wear. If some care is taken, washing can be avoided. For example, wear a light t-shirt under your sweater to protect it from body odors or hang your sweater outside for 15-30 min. to freshen it if it smells of food or smoke. Spot cleaning can be great too!
Tips: For woolens in particular, no rinse is an important concept. Wool fibre has barbs on it that have a tendency to link together when agitated or washed in the wrong temperature of water. This leads to "felting" and shrinking. Using a no rinse product ensures that the water temperature is not being changed between the wash and rinse water. It also means that you are handling the fibres less and decreasing the danger of "felting" it. The lanolin in Eucalan is a natural conditioner for wool, so it helps to increase the loft of the fibre and decrease the itchiness of wool by relaxing the barbs.
Dry Clean, Dry Clean Only: When a label says "Dry Clean", try Eucalan on an inconspicuous spot and test for colourfastness. If it is colourfast, launder according to instructions on the bottle. When a label says "Dry Clean Only" it is best to use a reputable Wet Cleaner. That being said, many people have cleaned garments that are labeled "Dry Clean Only" successfully when the dry cleaner has declined to launder the item.
Colourfast: To test for colourfastness use a piece of white 100% cotton fabric, dampened. Pat the cotton on an inconspicuous spot on the garment. If colour transfers onto the cotton, then the garment is not colourfast and you should use caution when laundering. If colour does not transfer onto the white cotton, then the colour is fast and can safely be immersed in water.
Washing: Woolens, including cashmere, can easily be taken care of at home with Eucalan.
Front load machine: set on the rinse and spin cycle. Put Eucalan in the fabric dispenser drawer and then run the cycle.
Top loader: fill machine with desired amount of water, mix in Eucalan and add garments. Gently squeeze water and soap through fibre with your hands and allow to soak for 15 min. Then simply turn the dial to spin and spin the water out.
By hand: simply soak the garment in a basin of water and Eucalan, gently massage with hands and then squeeze excess water out.
Drying: No dryers please!
After washing, squeeze the water out of your garment and then roll it in a clean dry towel to remove excess moisture. Or spin the water out in your washing machine. Then "block" the item on a drying rack or a dry towel. Blocking is simply shaping the garment back into its original shape. Allow to dry away from direct sunlight or heat.
Never put wool in a dryer.
Start by ensuring you are using a clean iron!
Cashmere or wool - use the wool setting on your iron and with a pressing cloth, iron on the wrong side (the inside) of the fabric.
Even high quality cashmere, wool etc. may pill. Pills are the little balls of fibre that start to gather on your sweater typically in areas where there is friction. These can be quickly removed with a small hand held electric de-fuzzer, a sweater stone, or if you've got a lot of time, by picking them off. This keeps your sweater looking fresh and new.
When you are finished wearing your cashmere, wool etc. for the season, it is important to put it away clean and in a sealed container if possible. Pests such as moths like body smells and will quickly eat a hole in your treasured garment if not cleaned before storing. Also, body oils, perfumes and deodorants can discolour fabric over time. Wash the garment using Eucalan's EUCALYPTUS or LAVENDER scent. Allow to dry completely then wrap item in several sheets of tissue paper and store. In addition, you can purchase sachets of lavender or cedar disks to put in the container with your garment. If you have concerns that moths may be in your woolens, place the article in a plastic bag and put in your freezer for 2 days to kill moths and larvae.